What kinds of rehabilitation treatments are available for stroke patients?
The standard of care for patients who have had a stroke is rehabilitation beginning as early as within 24 hours after the stroke. In many hospitals, a rehabilitation physician, who is also called a physiatrist, is consulted and evaluates the patient’s needs. He or she could prescribe:
- Physical therapy for mobilization and restoration of the ability to get out of the bed and walk.
- Occupational therapy for training of activities of daily living, such as toileting, bathing, dressing, feeding and use of the hands.
- Speech therapy for difficulties with language and swallowing.
- Neuropsychological assessments for cognitive re-training.
- Recreational therapy to motivate the individual to participate in creative art and music therapy, as well as organized social activities.
These therapies are continued in the inpatient rehabilitation setting and when the individual is an outpatient in the community.
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